You can expect just about any musical term or symbol to crop up in a grade six music theory exam!

Here is a list of terms, organised into groups. However, it’s almost impossible to make a “complete” list of terms for this level.
Make sure you also know everything listed under grade five.
Always check the meaning of any new term you come across when you are playing music.

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1. Tempo – from very slow to very fast

LarghissimoVery, very slowAndantinoAt a moderate walking pace
GraveSlow and solemnModeratoModerately
LentoSlowlyAllegrettoModerately fast
LargoBroadlyAllegroFast and bright
LarghettoRather broadlyVivaceFast and lively
AdagioSlow and statelyVivacissimoVery fast and lively
AdagiettoRather slowPrestoVery fast
AndanteAt a walking pacePrestissimoExtremely fast
GraveSlowly and solemnlyRapideFast

2. Changes in tempo

AccelerandoSpeeding upAllargandoGrowing broader
Doppio movimentoTwice as fastCalandoGoing slower
Più mossoMore movementMeno mossoLess movement
PrecipitandoHurryingRallentandoGradually slowing
StrettoIn a faster tempoRitardandoSlowing
StringendoPressing on fasterRitenutoSlightly slower
Plus viteFasterMoins viteLess fast

3. Mood

AffettuosoWith feelingLamentosoMournfully
BravuraBoldlyMarzialeIn a military style
CantabileIn a singing styleMestoSadly
EroicoHeroicallyPateticoWith emotion

4. Bowing Directions

There are a lot of different ways a string player can use a bow.
The more common bowing instructions should be learnt for grade six music theory:

Bowing Directions 
ArcoWith the bow
SpiccatoBounce the bow
Sul ponticelloPlay near the bridge
Con sordinoWith the mute
Up bowUp bow
Col legnoWith the wood of the bow
TremoloMove the bow up and down extremely fast
PizzicatoPluck the strings
Senza sordinoWithout the mute
Down bowDown bow

5. Other Symbols

The following symbols also need to be learnt:

Other Symbols

Arpeggio (broken chord). The lowest note is played first, followed by the second, third etc, in quick succession.
tremoloTremolo (rapidly repeated note). Short diagonal lines across the stem of a note (or notes) show that it should be rapidly repeated. Often you will see “trem.” written above the note as well. A tremolo is a kind of special effect.
measured-semiquaversMeasured semiquavers. This is a shorthand way of writing out semiquavers or other fast notes. The beams show you which note value is intended. Although it looks similar to a tremolo, it doesn’t sound like one.
glissandoGlissando or portamento (rapidly play the notes between the two notated). This is sometimes seen in piano or trombone music. The musician plays all the notes in between the two notated notes as fast as possible.
stopped-noteStopped note. Used for the French horn, this cross instructs the player to move his/her hand further into the instrument’s bell to create a muffled sound. The symbol is a cross or plus sign, over the note affected.

Grade 6 Musical Terms Quiz

suss - sweet

Musical Terms Quiz ABRSM Grade 6

1 / 20

What does muta mean?

2 / 20

What does moins mean?

3 / 20

What does l’istesso mean?

4 / 20

What does tre corda mean?

5 / 20

What does amore mean?

6 / 20

What does come sopra mean?

7 / 20

What does lebhaft mean?

8 / 20

What does presser mean?

9 / 20

What does cantando mean?

10 / 20

What does sotto mean?

11 / 20

What does loco mean?

12 / 20

What does anima mean?

13 / 20

What does sans mean?

14 / 20

What does div. mean?

15 / 20

What does segue mean?

16 / 20

What does lusingando mean?

17 / 20

What does sordino mean?

18 / 20

What does doux mean?

19 / 20

What does ossia mean?

20 / 20

What does mais mean?